Friday, October 26, 2012

Gothic Grunge - Tutorial

Quarreling Castle
Quarreling Castle - Craigdarroch Castle, Victoria, BC
One of my more popular images uses a processing technique that I developed specifically for Lightroom 4. The illustrated look isn't a photoshop filter, but rather it's a combination of image adjustments and creative use of other functions in Lightroom. I'm sharing this tutorial for the Halloween season so you can make your own gothic and spooky like images.

This tutorial covers how to recreate the effect with your own images and for those that like presets, I also included the Lightroom preset you can just download and install yourself.

To start off with. You need the right kind of image to create the effect and to shoot it in RAW format (this doesn't work at all with JPG images). I suggest something with some drama to begin with. A scene with high contrast and lots of clouds is a great starting point. Expose your image as you normally would, or expose a little under to get more drama from the clouds. I will point out that I do use cameras that have high dynamic ranges which makes the process a little easier for me to do, but it doesn't exclude older cameras from the process (just a little nosier however kind of adds to the effect). Don't worry if your images are not quite exposed correctly. You're going to go through some extremes, and likely will need to adjust to your taste.

After you import the image into Lightroom, you'll need to adjust some basic settings. Click on the develop module and find the 'Basic Settings' tab.

Basic Panel Adjustments
The WB is up to you how to adjust it. But I tend to make it a little cooler temperature and little more magenta through the tint adjustment. It creates much of the colour drama that I'm hoping to achieve from it.

Next Exposure is adjusted to make it darker. Now if your image is already underexposed to begin with, I'd avoid adjusting that setting.

Next is contrast. You need to crank that down quite a bit. The reason for this is to flatten the contrast just a bit for some tonal recovery.

Tonal recovery is then done in the Highlights and Shadows. I crank them to the extremes as you can see in this screenshot. Highlights specifically to make the clouds look way more dramatic. Shadow is just shy of maximum. I also need to recovery some of my contrast after this. So I turn up the Whites to give some highlighting and the Blacks to give some shading. The object in this is to create an illustrated look. By simulating what artist see and interpret onto paper, this technique comes closest to that effect. Although some might suggest that HDR does something similar, the problem with HDR is that it can create overcooked halo looking images. Through my process, you can control it much better and you retain a really sharp look to your images rather than the heavenly glow that HDR sometimes creates.
Colour Adjustments in HSL

Next I adjust the Presence of the image. This is an important step and it might vary slightly depending on your camera. Clarity is cranked all the way up. I want to harden my edges to give it that illustrated look, but be cautious about maxing it out. This will cause some haloing if you do max it out. Vibrance is then adjusted all the way down. This controls a lot of my blue colours so I want to create some drama and I crank it down (more on that later). Saturation is boosted just slightly up, so my rich reds and other tones take on a graphic ink kind of colour. You can boost it more if you like, but it really starts to look surreal if you go too far.

The next set of adjustments is a little more subjective. In the HSL tab, you need to adjust your colours slightly. The origin of my process actually came from doing a lot of IR photography adjustments. So by using some similar Luminance adjustments, I used those kinds of adjustments to create my illustrated and gothic look.

Details for sharp effects
Blues are what I like to fix here first. I like to move it a little more to cyan and then crank up the saturation, but then I drop the luminance to really make the skies pop. If your image has blue in it, it's going to really make it look very moody.

After you make the initial colour adjustments, you might want to tweak it some more. But I tend to come back here after I make my other adjustments.

The next thing you need to do is adjust your details. Here I want to give some grittiness. I'm not worried about noise at all. In fact I usually turn it off in both slider. If you want to get rid of some color noise then you can adjust that, but I crank up the sharpening (over-sharpen) to really make the details pop. The radius is adjusted to avoid sharpening artifacts. However you may need to tweak it a little. Masking helps retain some smoothing of colors. Especially since I turn down Noise Reduction, you might want to have more masking as it often enhances noise.

More drama through Effects
I love post vignetting, however I do it a very specific way. I hate just using it as a shadow mask as it obscures the images too much. My secret is to use Color Priority and to crank the Highlight slider all the way to preserve them. The vignetting then just affects the darker colours and gives a real cool impression of 3D when it's completed. If you know my work you'll see that I use it a little more subtle but adds drama to my images.

Use the roundness to control the shape of the vignette. Sometimes I like perfectly round, other times I like it a little more corner influenced. It all depends on your image.

Lastly I add some grain to the image. You can decide how much you want to add. In my stock preset I use just enough to give some grit to the buildings.

Adjusting the skies further.
So for the most part things should looks pretty dramatic at this point. If it didn't work out, it might be more to do with the exposure and you need to make some adjustments there. However after that, you can take it another step forward and start doing some manual adjustments. I start this by using the gradient adjustment brush. In this example I paint in the adjustment to the sky, then I make some more dramatic adjustments to the sliders. I make some colour adjustments to bring back some warmth to the sky, then I adjust the contrast back to make the clouds look very foreboding. Highlight crank down (this might be too much depending on the quality of your digital files). I also turn the shadows down. Clarity bumped up and saturation and sharpness also goes up. I do a little noise suppression here and also bump up the Definge (this helps control haloing). The skies should look pretty cool at this point but it's up to you for the effect you're looking for. Try experimenting with the sliders for different effects.

Painting in highlights for areas for more illustrated effects
Lastly, I like to do a little bit of highlight recovery from my vignetting. After I do my post vignetting sometimes it makes some things a little too dark. So here I paint in some of the foreground elements or objects at the edges to preserve or give back some drama to those lost sections. I also like to boost some of the effects on specific items to give a little more depth to my images. This is a personal and subjective point, and you can paint as much or as little as you'd like with the gradient brush. You can also control the effect by changing the density slider. Most of the sliders I adjust are Exposure, Hightlight and Contrast. You may also adjust the clarity adjustment if you want it to look sharper or more painterly.

Final Results
There you have it. After you do whatever tweaks it takes, you should add a whole lot of drama to your images and give it that illustrative and gothic look to your images.

If you want to save yourself some trouble of all the initial adjustments, you can download my preset here: and then make all the necessary adjustments afterwards.


  1. Brilliant tutorial.... Many thanks.
    Have you tried applying the preset, doing local adjustments, then exporting to Photoshop as a TIFF file for local adjustments (or just export as TIFF and cancel), then applying the preset again to the TIFF image.
    Very surreal cinematic effect....

    1. I often will do that to double the effect. There's enough leverage in my files that I can do that.

      Thanks for the comments.

  2. My first attempts at applying your excellent technique. Thanks again:

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  4. Man, this is really cool tutorial. Thank you for sharing. Thanks to you for it. Very interesting and described in detail. Until that time, I edited the pictures here You can try. In the meantime, I'll make the first steps in Lightroom.